Thursday, April 29, 2010

You Can Run...But You Can't Hide

I have been watching this story develop over the last couple of days and I have to is what it is.


A Virginia Department of Transportation worker who told the Washington Post that he had no clue that his since-revoked vanity license plate contained a "coded racist message" has posted numerous internet messages denying the Holocaust and attacking President Obama as "muslime scum."

Last week, Carl Franzen reported for AOL News, "Personalized or vanity license plates typically fall somewhere between sentimental and silly, but this week, a photo of license plates containing a coded message of white supremacy made the rounds on the Web before the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles formally recalled them."

The Washington Post's Brigid Schulte spoke to Melanie Stokes, a member of the state's committee charged with vetting personalized license plates explained why 14CV88 was revoked.

A photo of the truck hit the Web a few days ago, went viral on car and other blogs and finally came to the attention of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, an advocacy group for American Muslims. On Wednesday morning, the group complained to the DMV that the plate contained a white supremacist and neo-Nazi statement.

A few hours later, the DMV agreed that the plate contains a coded message: The number 88 stands for the eighth letter of the alphabet, H, doubled to signify "Heil Hitler," said CAIR's Ibrahim Hooper. "CV" stands for "Confederate veteran" -- the plate was a special model embossed with a Confederate flag, which Virginia makes available for a $10 fee to card-carrying members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans. And 14 is code for imprisoned white supremacist David Lane's 14-word motto: "We must secure the existence of our people and a future for white children."

The giveaway that something was amiss, Hooper said, was the truck itself. An enormous photo of the burning World Trade Center towers covers the entire tailgate, with the words: "Everything I ever needed to know about Islam I learned on 9/11."

In another Post article, Schulte writes, "Douglas Story, a Chantilly dump truck driver for the Virginia Department of Transportation, says he wanted to grab people's attention when he paid $224.90 to have a mural of the burning World Trade Center detailed onto the tailgate of his Ford F-150 along with a sticker that reads: "Everything I ever needed to know about Islam I learned on 9/11."

"There is absolutely no way I'd have anything to do with Hitler or Nazis," Story said Wednesday. He contacted The Washington Post after an article about his plate appeared last week; the state, citing privacy rules, had declined to release the identity of the plate's owner. "My sister-in-law and my niece are Jewish. I went to my niece's bat mitzvah when she turned 13 three years ago. Does that sound like something an anti-Semite would do?"

Story says the numbers 14 and 88 on his plate were not references to a white power slogan or "Heil Hitler," as the Council on American-Islamic Relations theorized, but an homage to his favorite NASCAR drivers: Tony Stewart, who drives car No. 14, and Dale Earnhardt Jr., who drives No. 88.

Story applied for the vanity plate in March 2009, shortly after Earnhardt changed his car number from 8 to 88 and Stewart changed his from 20 to 14.

Aside from the fact that Earnhardt changed his plate for the 2008 race season (after deciding in 2007), and Stewart announced his change in July of 2008, the Washington Post author fails to notice that her own reporting contains a major conflict in the two stories. CONTINUED HERE


The conflict doesn't stop there - the man has been exposed - so why doesn't he just own up?

Wednesday, April 28, 2010


Remember Charles Juba? Now he thinks he wants access to our children but Odessa residents aren't ready to feed him their young.


ODESSA, Mo. (AP) -- Angry Odessa residents packed a meeting of municipal leaders to denounce plans by a former leader of a white supremacist group to open a club for young people in their city.

Charles Juba, a former self-proclaimed leader of the Aryan Nations, plans to open his under-21 club, Black Flag, on Friday, the Kansas City Star reported.

Juba said at a tense Board of Alderman meeting Monday night that he has put his racist and anti-Semitic past behind him, but he was shouted down by angry residents of Odessa, a city about 35 miles east of Kansas City.

"We don't want you here!" the crowd yelled in unison.

City leaders were initially thrilled about Juba's plans to open the club in a strip mall that had fallen on hard times, and they issued him a building permit. But that enthusiasm waned after they learned about his past.

"We know he's going to target young people, and now we're doing everything we can to stop him," Mayor Tom Murry said.

Resident James Johnson said at the meeting that he had felt at home raising two biracial sons with his German-born wife in Odessa. The audience responded with applause when he said "somebody should have known about this man before it got this far."

Rene Hill, a mother of three from Wellington, said she will fight Juba's efforts to use fun and music to recruit teens to join his Aryan cause.

"If I have to be that crazy mom, then so be it," Hill said.

Another public meeting was scheduled for Thursday.

The club's website says the club was named for the black flag carried by Civil War guerrilla William Quantrill, who led a pro-Confederate gang that attacked and burned pro-union Lawrence, Kan., during the Civil War. More than 150 men and boys were killed.

The website for the club, which invites high school students from Blue Springs, Independence, Fort Osage, Grain Valley and Oak Grove, said the black flag represented people who didn't surrender.

"These brave young men refused to surrender to unjust laws being forced upon them (by federal authorities and military) ... So, why surrender to another boring night ... raise The Black Flag and have some fun for a change!"

The watchdog group the Southern Poverty Law Center says Juba began his white supremacy activities in the Ku Klux Klan before eventually becoming director of the Aryan Nations, which says blacks are "beasts of the field" and Jews are the children of Satan.

In 2005, Juba announced that the group would move its headquarters from Pennsylvania to Kansas City, Kan. The controversy that followed prompted Juba to quit his post, and the Aryan Nation moved its headquarters to Sebring, Fla.

Tuesday, April 27, 2010


Arizona has been a hotbed of dissent and racist B.S. for many years now. Skinheads, anti-immigration groups, crooked law-enforcement, and right-wing nutjobs seem to love the desert and dry air. But, the new immigration law that was just passed enabling racial profiling and discrimination is taking center stage and having ramifications around the country. David Niewert now introduces us to the author of that law...and Russell Pearce is certainly no stranger to the more prominent racists enjoying the Arizona climate.


Monday, April 26, 2010


Always the huckster and the opportunist, Dukie just had to try to capitalize on all of the current hoopla and shenanigans going on in this country. Never mind that he spends most of his time as far away from America as he can get - he's still going to seize any opportunity to insinuate himself into a headline.

Of course, I'm not surprised, nor even chagrined by his recent play for attention. You see, like all good white supremacists, they continuously make my point for me.


Saturday, April 24, 2010


By Howard Ballou

RANKIN COUNTY, MS (WLBT) - Our 3 On Your Side investigation in this case has revealed there may have been a motive other than money for the murder of Richard Barrett.

Official sources who asked not to be identified, tell WLBT, 22-year-old Vincent McGee, in his confession, alleged Barrett made sexual advances to him, apparently sending McGee into a rage, a rage that ended in murder.

We asked Sheriff Pennington about it. He had no comment other than to say the murder was not racially motivated. Rankin-Madison County District Attorney Michael Guest also would not discuss specifics of the case, but he did have this to say.

"I was surprised to hear about this and then as the case unfolded, there were other twists and turns that again were unforeseen in this case," Guest said.

McGee's family members told WLBT, Thursday night, that McGee, when he was a teenager, before he went to prison, knew Barrett and had worked for him.

Friday, April 23, 2010


A tragic ending to a tragic life is not something that I enjoy reporting. When it involves innocents - I deplore it. Curt Maynard shot his wife, his step-daughter, and himself and left two others scarred for life.


Man kills ex-wife, then himself

Lake Jackson murder-suicide followed bitter divorce, woman's lawyer says



April 23, 2010, 12:17AM

Share Print Share Del.icio.usDiggTwitterYahoo! BuzzFacebookStumbleUponThe Lake Jackson woman shot to death by her ex-husband before he killed himself during a police chase had gone through a bitter, contentious divorce from him and suffered personal attacks from him on the Internet, her attorney said on Thursday.

Melissa Meza, 34, a Dow Chemical engineer, was shot multiple times in the front yard of her home Wednesday night by 42-year-old Curtis Boone Maynard, a registered nurse, who later shot himself. The couple had been divorced for more than a year.

Maynard also shot his 16-year-old stepdaughter, Celeste Morales, in the face inside the home before fleeing in his car. Morales remains in stable condition at Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center.

Maynard and Meza's two children, a 12-year-old girl and 2-year-old girl, fled to a neighbor's house and were not hurt, said Lake Jackson police Lt. Paul Kibodeaux

“The 12-year-old picked the 2-year-old up and ran to the neighbor's house — very brave,” Kibodeaux said.

Lenette Terry, the Angleton attorney who represented Meza in her divorce from Maynard, called the slain woman's ex-husband “a nut.”

Divorce final last year

The divorce was very contentious, Terry said Thursday. Maynard “always did crazy things,” she said. “This guy also had some horrible things about her on the Internet and he sent them to her boss at Dow — she brought the stuff in to me and she reported it to the Lake Jackson Police Department.

“She knew she had to get out of this relationship with him. She knew she had to protect her kids. And she was right,” Terry said.

Maynard and Meza met in 1996. They married in August 2005 in Brazoria County, state records show. But the marriage soured in just three years, and Meza filed for divorce in December 2008.

The former couple also had a contested temporary hearing concerning the custody of their children. “She prevailed,” Terry recalled. “He would do things like leave the infant at home when he would go walk to Randall's (grocery store).”

In an angry blog railing against his divorce attorney, Maynard claimed that he and Meza had agreed during their marriage that he would not work on weekdays so he could stay home to care for their youngest daughter, and that he would work only on weekends, which he said put a significant dent in his income. He referred to himself as the “primary caregiver” of the youngest girl and said he had sought sole custody of their two daughters.

The couple's divorce became final in March 2009, but Maynard would not let go, even though Meza had a boyfriend.

On Wednesday, Maynard had been sending text messages to his ex-wife “throughout the day,” Kibodeaux said. Police don't yet know if she responded to him, but she complained about the text messages to a witness.

At 8:20 p.m., neighbors reported hearing gunshots at Meza's home in the 100 block of Post Oak, a quiet, tree-lined street of upper-middle-class houses. The teenager was shot inside the house, while Meza was shot in the front yard, Kibodeaux said.

“She was later shot more times in a different location, but close by, so I would think she was trying to take cover or concealment and was shot again,” Kibodeaux said. Meza had multiple wounds in the head and upper torso, he said.

First homicide in years

Maynard left a shotgun in the front yard, then got in his 1994 Lincoln sedan and drove away, Kibodeaux said. A neighbor followed Maynard's car while on the phone with 911, giving police information on which direction he was heading.

When Lake Jackson police caught up to Maynard's car heading northward on Texas 288 slightly above the 65 mph speed limit, Maynard shot himself in the head with another gun, a semi-automatic rifle, while he was driving, police said.

Maynard's car then veered on to the highway shoulder, where it struck a sport utility vehicle occupied by a mother and her two children that had pulled over to yield to the emergency vehicles. The gunman's car then veered into the grass and back across the highway's two northbound lanes before stopping on the inside shoulder.

The woman and two children inside the SUV hit by Maynard suffered no obvious injuries, but were taken to an Angleton hospital as a precaution, Kibodeaux said.

Police said they have not found anything in writing to indicate that Maynard had planned on taking violent action against anyone, but said they still must review his and his former wife's cell phone records.

“We have seen a few e-mails (from Maynard), but mainly they were character attacks and no indication there would be action taken,” Kibodeaux said.

Meza and Maynard's daughters are now staying with a close family friend, police said.

Child Protective Services caseworkers are meeting with the children's maternal and paternal grandparents about making more permanent living arrangements, Kibodeaux said.

Meza's death marked the first homicide in Lake Jackson in about a decade, the police lieutenant said.

Thursday, April 22, 2010


He wasn't particularly endeared to many of the white supremacists who consider themselves part of "the movement." However, he has always seemed to have a scraggling of followers among young, white, male racists and he knew how to grab a headline every now and then. He made a lot of enemies along the way - and apparently, was still making them.

According to One People's Project, he was the inspiration who started the group. Well, that's something positive.


Man arrested in death of Miss. white supremacist

Pearl Police, Rankin County Sheriff, state and federal investigators are looking for the person who murdered white supremacist Richard Barrett. His body was found in the back bathroom of his Rankin County home Thursday morning. Police believe Barrett may have been trying to escape from his attacker. His body has been taken to the state crime lab for an autopsy.

Barrett’s neighbors called fire officials shortly before eight o’clock this morning to report a fire at 227 East Petros Road. Firefighters discovered Barrett’s body inside the home once they entered.

Barrett called himself the head of the Nationalists Movement. He was recently in the news supporting efforts at Ole Miss to bring back Colonel Reb as the school’s mascot. He made national headlines five years ago when he attempted to bring Edgar Ray Killen to a booth at the Mississippi State Fair. Killen was later arrested and convicted for his roll in the death of three civil rights workers in Neshoba County in the 1960s.


PEARL, Miss. — A white supremacist lawyer with a knack for publicity was found stabbed to death in a burning house on Thursday and Mississippi authorities later said a neighbor had been charged with murder.

Rankin County Sheriff Ronnie Pennington said Richard Barrett's body was found just after 8 a.m. after residents reported smoke coming from his house in a rural area outside a Jackson, Miss., suburb.

Pennington told The Associated Press that Vincent McGee, 22, has been charged with murder in the case. Additional charges could be forthcoming, Pennington said, including arson.

The sheriff said McGee had not yet hired a lawyer and the suspect's mother had no comment when she went to the jail where her son was being held.

McGee, a black man, lived nearby and had done yard work for Barrett in the past, Pennington said. The sheriff didn't elaborate on a possible motive.

Barrett, a New York City native and Vietnam War veteran, moved to Mississippi in 1966. Soon after, he began traveling the country to promote anti-black and anti-immigrant views and founded a supremacist group called the Nationalist Movement.

One expert on hate groups said Barrett was well known for his news conferences and protests in places having racial strife, but that he had mustered little real clout in the white power movement.

"Richard Barrett was a guy who ran around the country essentially pulling off publicity stunts," said Mark Potok, who monitors hate groups for the Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center. "He really never amounted to any kind of leader in the white supremacist movement." CONTINUED HERE..

Saturday, April 17, 2010



A neo-Nazi white supremacist group rallied against illegal immigration in downtown Los Angeles Saturday as hundreds of counter-protesters gathered to shout them down in a tense stand off that included thrown rocks and police in riot gear.

Police officers stood between the white supremacists and counter-demonstrators on the south lawn of Los Angeles' City Hall, where about 50 members of the National Socialist Movement waved American flags and swastika banners for about an hour.

The neo-Nazis shouted "sieg heil," but their words were mostly drowned out by chants of "racists go home" and "stop the Nazis" from the larger crowd of about 500 counter-protesters who held signs that read "Nazis: Get Out of Los Angeles" and "Racists Are Ignorant." CONTINUED HERE

Wednesday, April 14, 2010


As someone who has covered Bill White and all of his wild and zany exploits - (and yes, that's exactly what his actions were since they were only engaged in to satisfy his craving for notoriety) - I feel compelled to say a few words regarding today's sentencing and Bill White's ongoing saga.

According to WSLS, Channel 10 News, and other sources, Bill White has remained a contentious individual even while in custody. One can only speculate at how difficult it must have been to serve as the defense attorney for the "Millionaire Nazi" (if you believe) whose personality disorder necessitates his own self-aggrandizement and constant nurturing of his fragmented ego.

Even though David Damico, attornery for the defense, successfuly represented White Chicago, and achieved a certain level of success in the Roanoke trial in that he was able to convince a jury to bring in "not guilty" verdicts on several of the charges, he apparently fell short in Bill's eyes. Or perhaps it was just a contol thing. You see, Bill just couldn't leave it alone.

For the past few months, White has been filing motions on his own behalf. An act of defiance? Frustration?'s just Bill White showing everyone how "smart" he is. Of course, the net effect was simply antagonizing the Court. He's really good at that.

So...Bill has been acting out. We expected as much. Given the fact that he could very well be walking the streets of Roanoke again in about eight months, we expect more acting out is on the horizon. Oh...he'll be on probation and forbidden to use the internet - uh...huh. We'll see how that works out for him. One thing Bill White is NOT good at is self-control and circumventing authority is something he really prides himself on.

Oh yeah - and because he is a convicted felon - he can't carry a gun. At least, he can't get caught with a gun.

The one ray of hope in all of this is that White has burned a lot of bridges and not held in the highest regard among other white nationalists - although, as a whole, they have a very short memory and the really lame and needy among them will hold him up as some sort of martyr for the cause - after all, he IS considered one of their "prisoners of war."

If I sound cynical, it's because when it comes to Bill, I AM cynical. The best one can hope for in all of this is that upon his release he will realize that his wife and child have suffered enough at his hangs and that he has a lot of reparations to make. We can hope...but, this is Bill we're talking about.

Here's the latest story & video...




 A Roanoke-based neo-Nazi convicted of threatening people around the country learned Wednesday just how much time he'll serve.

Bill White will serve two and a half years in prison. He'll also have to complete three years of supervised release after his prison term.


According to prosecutors, Bill White also made two children a target of his hate-filled rhetoric. If true, he deserves an enhanced sentence.

Neo-Nazi leader White to be sentenced today

Prosecutors say William A. White should be subject to enhanced punishment because he threatened children.

The leader of a Roanoke-based white supremacy group should receive an enhanced punishment -- between 57 and 71 months in prison -- in part because the people he threatened include two children, federal prosecutors say.

William A. White is scheduled to be sentenced today at 1:30 p.m. in U.S. District Court in Roanoke.

A jury in December convicted White, the self-proclaimed leader of the American National Socialist Workers Party, of making threats by letters, e-mails, telephone calls and posts on a Web site that was the mouthpiece of his neo-Nazi group.

Defense attorney David Damico said he plans to ask that White be sentenced to the time he has already served while awaiting the resolution of his case, about 18 months.

White has argued, with some success, that his words should be protected by the First Amendment. Of eight charges brought by the federal government alleging threats and intimidation, five have been dismissed.

The neo-Nazi's victims -- all of them strangers who unwittingly said or did something to offend his racist views -- include a bank employee in Missouri, a university administrator in Delaware and several tenants of an apartment complex in Virginia Beach.

In court papers filed this week, prosecutors listed two additional victims: the 8-year-old daughter and 6-year-old son of Tasha Reddick, who angered White by filing a housing discrimination lawsuit against her landlord.

Although the lawsuit did not involve White, he inserted himself into the dispute in May 2007 after reading about it in the news.

White sent a letter to Reddick's children, identified in court papers as living with their mother, addressed to "Whiney Section 8 N----r."

After a rant about blacks on welfare, White's letter concluded: "You may get one over on your landlord this time, and you may not. But know that the white community has noticed you, and we know that you are and never will be anything more than a dirty parasite -- and that our patience with you and the government that coddles you runs thin."

Even though the two children did not read the letter, they were frightened by its effect on their mother, who moved them to a relative's home for a week and forbid them from walking to and from school, according to prosecutors.

White "deliberately targeted [the children] precisely because of their vulnerable status as minors and the increased apprehension that he would cause Tasha Reddick by targeting her children," prosecutors John Richmond and Cindy Chung wrote in a sentencing memorandum.

Sentencing guidelines used in federal court allow for additional prison time if a defendant picks victims who are "unusually vulnerable" due to their age or mental or physical condition.

In calculating the guidelines for White, a probation officer came up with a sentencing range that is less than the one cited by prosecutors. Judge James Turk will rule on which application is correct at today's sentencing hearing.

White, a 32-year-old landlord and neo-Nazi advocate, has been in jail for all but five days since his arrest in October 2008. Because the guidelines are advisory, Turk could in theory give White anything from time served to the maximum of 35 years in prison.

Tuesday, April 13, 2010

YOU SAY YOU WANT A REVOLUTION - From NanceGregg's Journal

NanceGreggs's Journal: Nance Rants

You Say You Want a Revolution

Posted by NanceGreggs in General Discussion: Presidency

Mon Apr 12th 2010, 09:27 PM

So it’s the Teabaggers v the Sane. Alrighty, then, let’s do this.

But first, we have to get the ground rules straight.

Right off the bat, I think it imperative that we begin with a level playing field – and that field is gonna take a hell of a lot of leveling.

First off, you (the “Teabaggers”) have to stop griping about being called Teabaggers. You picked the name; we didn’t. The uniforms have already been delivered – and you’ll be wearing them. There’s no turning back now. (Next revolution, you might want to investigate the origins of your name, and perhaps choose more wisely).

Speaking of uniforms, we’ve chosen tasteful, everyday attire. It would seem you have chosen sweatshirts that desecrate the American flag by plastering it over your flabby stomachs and substantial butts. If you have reconsidered this choice, please advise.

Please be more specific in your complaints. Placards that read “Keep the guvmint’s hands off my Medicaid” have us confused. Being as Medicaid is now, always has been, and always will be a guvmint-run program, we’re not quite sure what you’re bitchin’ about. We stand ready to be enlightened.

In a Revolution, just as in all things, communication is key. While we, the Sane, have not taken up the cause of making English "are offical language", we do actually speak it fluently, and can communicate coherently. If you need a time-out to familiarize yourself with spelling and grammar, we are more than happy to accomodate you.

Choosing a leader is also important. We’ve chosen President Barack Obama. We will need to know who your “leader” is forthwith. (Note: If you are leaning towards Sarah Palin or Rush Limbaugh, you should be aware that skill-testing questions, along with drug-testing, will be required.) Again, if you need more time to come up with a leader who can pass either, we are willing to afford you whatever time is necessary.

No backsies – once you’re in, you’re in. This means that we can use public roads, highways, libraries (“liberrries” to you, and we figure there won’t be much of an argument from your side when it comes to their use) – and you can’t. You don’t believe the government should be “intruding” into your personal lives by building/maintaining same. So be it.

There will be no government hand-outs to you or yours – by way of medical treatment if you are injured, Social Security payments, food stamps, welfare, etc. We, on the other hand, will be free to benefit from any and all government “intrusion” into our lives.

Strictly off-limits: wiretapping citizens without a warrant, relegating dissenters to “free speech zones”, arresting and incarcerating anyone as “enemy combatants” without due process of law, subjecting anyone to torture – you know, all that fun stuff you people are so enamored of.

You cannot label anyone as a socialist or communist without being able to coherently and accurately define those terms. We cannot label anyone as an ill-informed douchebag without defining those terms – and we can, just so’s ya know.

Our “official spokespeople” will be named at a later date. We are still choosing from among the many Ph.D.s, Nobel Peace Prize recipients, Pulitzer award winners, and internationally renowned among our ranks. We are assuming you’ll be going with Hannity or Beck – or some other ill-informed douchebag who graduated Come-Loud from the Ding Dong School of Political Wherewithal. Please advise at your earliest convenience.

As in all Great Battles, the overwhelming question is: Whose side God is on?

Well, we’ve done some fact-checking (something you’re unfamiliar with, but you can Google it for a full explanation of the exercise) – and lo and behold, it seems that we who are concerned about the “least among us”, who consider ourselves “our brother’s keeper”, and have this thing about “doing unto others as we would have done unto ourselves” have a definite advantage with this long-haired, commie-pinko guy from way back – yeah, the same guy YOU drag out and re-hang on a cross whenever convenient!

I’m not saying we all believe in his divinity, or ability to save wretches like you from your just rewards – but damn, you can’t miss the fact that he’s more like one of us than one of you. And I hear he’s got some sway with his Dad.

Contrary to popular belief, the Revolution WILL be televised. So please leave your hooded robes at home – white sheets wrapped around pasty white faces tend to come across on-screen as a bland misrepresentation of what America looks like in reality – and, oh, yes, forgot to mention: reality is in play here. Sorry about that. But there will be a home version of the game for all runners-up, a suitable consolation prize for those who mistakenly thought bigotry, homophobia, AND cluelessness were the winning answers.

Now that the rules of engagement have been established, we await your response.

Operators are standing by. And to avoid any further confusion, please use Spellcheck before replying.

Monday, April 12, 2010


Carl M. Cannon has written this brilliant piece and I am most thankful to him. I am almost nauseated by the rhetoric that has been running rampant over all of this defense of the Confederacy and the Civil War. From the article: "Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish – the part of Mississippi is chosen. She will ...never submit to the principles and policies of this Black Republican administration. She had rather see the last of her race, men, women and children, immolated in one common funeral pyre than see them subjected to the degradation of civil, political and social equality with the Negro race." (William L. Harris.)

Why Liberals Are Right to Refuse to Honor the Confederacy
By Carl M. Cannon

You wouldn't think, 145 Aprils after Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox, that we'd still be arguing about the causes of the conflict that led them to that place, and cost 620,000 Americans their lives. But we are, and arguing as well over a related question: Who should be honored – and who should be blamed?

Perhaps it is precisely because the price of keeping the union together was so dear that the passions endure, erupting every so often over one pretext or another. This month, the proximate cause of debate was the decision by Gov. Bob McDonnell of Virginia to keep a campaign promise he made to the Sons of Confederate Veterans in 2005, when he was running for attorney general.

McDonnell's six-paragraph proclamation declared April to be "Confederate History Month." The governor appears to have seen the offending document as innocuous, and much of it was, but it was underpinned by a sentiment that does not reflect a universal view among Virginians; namely, that it is important to pay homage to "the sacrifices of the Confederate leaders, soldiers and citizens during the period of the Civil War." The proclamation also had had an important omission, these critics asserted, namely any reference to slavery.

In the outcry that followed, including personal protests from some high-profile African American Democrats from Virginia who had bolstered McDonnell's 2009 Republican candidacy, McDonnell quickly made amends. A new paragraph was inserted into the document:

WHEREAS, it is important for all Virginians to understand that the institution of slavery led to this war and was an evil and inhumane practice that deprived people of their God-given inalienable rights and all Virginians are thankful for its permanent eradication from our borders, and the study of this time period should reflect upon and learn from this painful part of our history ...

This is a pretty thorough mea culpa, and as direct a refutation of Southern revisionism as anyone could ask for, so continued criticism of McDonnell from liberal Democrats can understandably be viewed as partisan posturing. But political jockeying notwithstanding, liberals are indeed right to confront this issue forcefully, whenever it arises.
McDonnell's edict was issued on April 7, the date in 1865 on which a weary Robert E. Lee, his crumbling and starving Army of Northern Virginia near collapse, answered a letter from General Grant by saying he shared the Union commander's desire to avoid the further "useless effusion of blood" and inquiring what the terms of surrender might be.

Those terms did not include humiliation, Lee soon learned. On April 9, the Confederate commander was informed that his men could keep their lives, their horses, their dignity and their sidearms – including a handsome sword that Lee, in a new buttoned-up Confederate gray uniform, wore by his side when the two men met at the home of Wilmer McLean. Union Gen. Horace Porter, a Medal of Honor winner (and later Grant's personal secretary in the White House), thought the swordless Grant rather envied Lee's "long sword of exceedingly fine workmanship, the hilt studded with jewels."

But it is a historic fact that Grant never asked for it; moreover, in his own memoirs, published in 1885, Grant noted that the famous story – still repeated in some quarters to this day – of Lee proffering his sword to Grant only to have his Union counterpart respectfully hand it back is "the purest romance." In fact, Grant added, no mention of sidearms passed between the generals: Grant simply wrote it out in the terms of surrender, which Lee accepted.

Those terms could not, and did not mean facing up to what they had done – and why – and dealing with it honestly. It is often said that history is written by the victors, but this is not strictly true. The most chilling account of Agincourt that I've ever read didn't come from Henry V's side, or even Shakespeare. It came from a Flemish knight named Jehan de Wavrin, who rode with the French and whose father and brother were killed in the battle.

So it is with Sons of the South and their famous "Lost Cause." Brandishing selective quotes from Abraham Lincoln, citing slogans about "states' rights," and emboldened by hagiographic histories of Lee and his lieutenants, the Sons (and daughters) of the South have convinced themselves, and many others, of something that never was.

"To most soldiers in the Confederate Army, the war was not about slavery," writes a gentleman from Beltsville, Md., named Lawrence Ink in a recent letter to the editor of The Washington Post. "It was about patriotism for one's state. Most Confederate soldiers did not own slaves and were not fighting to protect slavery. ... Nor did President Abraham Lincoln initially view the war as about slavery. His objective was to preserve the union. Those who claim the war was only about slavery need to read some history."

Well, I've read a good deal of American history, and written some as well, and my belief is that it's important to confront this view forcefully because the claim that this conflict was not about slavery is wrong, deeply wrong, no matter how sincerely those who adhere to it may feel – or how bravely the rebels acquitted themselves in battle. Grant himself felt that he could separate his feelings of the Southern soldiers, including Lee, from the perverted institution that induced them to take up arms against their own nation.

"I felt like anything rather than rejoicing at the downfall of a foe who had fought so long and valiantly," he wrote, "and had suffered so much for a cause, though that cause was, I believe, one of the worst for which a people ever fought, and one for which there was the least excuse."

And what exactly was that cause?

The answer is not to be found in any of the Douglas Southall Freeman's three-volume histories of Lee and his men or in Martha Mitchell's nostalgic recreation of the Old South. It can be found other places, however, if one looks a little deeper. University of Kentucky historian William W. Freehling called the decades' long argument over slavery in the U.S. Congress in the 1830s and 1840s the "Pearl Harbor" of the Civil War. In a brilliant book called "Arguing About Slavery," scholar William Lee Miller notes that what made this chapter in American history so compelling is precisely that there were no bombs as at Pearl Harbor. There were words many hundreds of thousands of them that, in the end, couldn't forestall the shells fired on Fort Sumter.

It was not a coincidence that the Civil War broke out there, in South Carolina. That state had always been been home to a special breed of Southern politician, men like Rep. James Henry Hammond, who said this on the House floor in an 1836 speech sarcastically castigating those who would confer freedom, or even common humanity, on blacks:

"Are we prepared to see them mingling in our Legislatures? Is any portion of this country prepared to see them enter these halls and take their seats by our sides, in perfect equality with the white representatives of an Anglo Saxon race ... to see them placed at the heads of your Departments; or to see, perhaps, some 'Othello' or 'Toussaint' or 'Boyer' gifted with genius and inspired by ambition grasp the presidential wreath, and wield the destinies of this great Republic? From such a picture I turn with irrepressible disgust."

Well, it took 172 years, but an African-American with a name a lot more exotic than Othello or Toussaint did indeed become president of these United States. And it was particularly tin-eared, historically speaking, for a member of that self-same South Carolina delegation to hector Barack Obama at last year's State of the Union address. In truth, James Henry Hammond's racist diatribe was milder than those by other Southern "statesmen" who stirred hate and fear among their countrymen in the days leading up to the Civil War.

Jefferson Davis, in a speech to the Confederate Congress in April 1861, extolled slavery as a benevolent invention that allowed a "superior race" to transform "brutal savages into docile, intelligent, and civilized agricultural laborers." Alexander H. Stephens, Jefferson Davis' vice president, proclaimed that Jefferson and the Founders' high-minded declarations of universal liberty were "in violation of the laws of nature." This was profoundly wrong, Stephens said.

"Our new government is founded on exactly the opposite idea," thundered the vice president of the Confederacy. "Its foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests upon the great truth that the Negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and moral condition."

This was the kind of thing said by a group of now-forgotten men called "secession commissioners." They were dispatched in 1860 from South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama to other state capitals in the South urging state legislatures to prepare for secession. These men outlined a bloody apocalyptic scenario of black rebellion and the attendant slaughter of whites – with frequent allusions to mass rape and throat-slitting. They invariably mentioned Haiti as the relevant example, and stated flatly that this is what Lincoln wished on the South.

"The [Haitian] Negro ... arose with all the fury of the beast, and scenes were then enacted over a comparatively few planters, that the white fiends [of the North] would delight to see re-enacted now with us," Andrew Pickens Calhoun – son of John C. Calhoun – said in Columbia, S.C.

"Our deliverance from this great danger, in my opinion, is to be found in the reserved right of the states to withdraw from injury and oppression." So said Gov. John J. Pettus of Mississippi in his own capital on Nov. 26, 1860. The "injury" he alluded to was the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. The "oppression" was Lincoln's avowed opposition to the expansion of slavery to any new states – a stance that was the organizing principle of the newly formed Republican Party.

In Pettus' speech that day, Lincoln's as-yet-unformed administration was referred to as "Black Republican rule." That phrase "Lincoln and the Black Republicans" was mentioned a thousand times by Southern politicians, and quoted faithfully in the Southern press. It is a reminder that the key issue in the 1860 campaign was slavery, that Southerners were openly discussing withdrawing from the Union before Election Day, and that secession was accomplished before Lincoln arrived in Washington. Indeed, Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as president of the Confederacy before Lincoln took office himself. And all of this was brought about by the South's fears that slavery's days were numbered.

Secession, Pettus insisted, was the only way of escaping "Black Republican politics and free Negro morals," something he assured his fellow Mississippians that would turn Mississippi into "a cesspool of vice, crime and infamy."

Over in Charleston, the General Assembly authorized a convention in Columbia when word reached the capital of Lincoln's victory. Even before it took place, both U.S. senators resigned their seats in Congress and the Legislature appropriated money to equip an army of 10,000 men. John Archer Elmore, a native South Carolinian then practicing law in Montgomery, was dispatched as Alabama's secession commissioner. Lincoln's election, he told the delegates, was "an avowed declaration of war upon the institutions, the rights, and the interests of the South."

The sole institution he alluded to, of course, was slavery. Occasionally secession commissioners would mention "states' rights." But the only imperiled "right" they ever got around to mentioning was the custom of holding other human beings in bondage. There was nothing subtle about this, nothing genteel or evocative of "Gone with the Wind" in the contemporaneous appeals. Lincoln was routinely drawn in Southern newspapers with ape-like features, bent on the destruction of the South and even the white race itself.

"Our fathers made this a government for the white man, rejecting the Negro as an ignorant, inferior barbarian race incapable of self-government, and not therefore, entitled to be associated with the white man upon terms of civil, political or social equality," Mississippi secession commissioner William L. Harris told Georgia's Legislature. Lincoln, he said, was committed on a course "to overturn and strike down this great feature of our Union."

These accounts, and many others, are contained in a thin paperback volume of only 103 pages called "Apostles of Disunion." It was written by Charles B. Dew, a son of the South whose ancestors on both sides fought for the Confederacy. At age 14, Dew's father Jack – named for Stonewall Jackson – presented him with a .22-caliber rifle and the "Lee's Lieutenants" trilogy. Charles Dew grew up and became a professor of history at Williams College. His groundbreaking 2001 book was published by the University of Virginia Press, and in its opening chapter Professor Dew takes note of the 1998 flap over "Confederate History Month" then roiling Richmond under Gov. James Gilmore.

Using the words uttered by the South's secession commissioners and its elected leaders themselves, Dew debunks the myths he learned as a boy. Among those he quotes are William L. Harris, who had turned down an offer from President James Buchanan to serve on the Supreme Court. A native Georgian who was well known as an orator and debater, Harris ended his 1860 speech to Atlanta's secession convention with this florid oratorical flourish:

"Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish – the part of Mississippi is chosen. She will never submit to the principles and policies of this Black Republican administration. She had rather see the last of her race, men, women and children, immolated in one common funeral pyre than see them subjected to the degradation of civil, political and social equality with the Negro race."

That was the true face of the "Lost Cause." It's a hard one to credit. Yes, most men in the Confederate army did not own slaves. Many believed they were fighting for their honor, and out of love of their native states. Some, like Robert E. Lee, did so reluctantly. But that doesn't change either the nature of the rebel government under whose banner they marched, or the depraved institution that the Confederate government had been formed to perpetuate.

Friday, April 09, 2010


Leonard Pitts Jr. / Syndicated columnist

The Hutaree militia, perpetrators of 'Christian terrorism'

The term "Christian terrorism" will seem jarring to those who've grown comfortable regarding terrorism as something exclusive to Islam, writes Leonard Pitts Jr. The Hutaree Christian militia, however, seemed more than willing to view murder as a religious act.

Syndicated columnist

A few words about Christian terrorism.

And I suppose the first words should be about "those" words: "Christian terrorism." The term will seem jarring to those who've grown comfortable regarding terrorism as something exclusive to Islam.

That this is a self-deluding fallacy should have long since been apparent to anyone who's been paying attention. From Eric Rudolph's bombing of the Atlanta Olympics, a gay nightclub and two abortion clinics to the so-called Phineas Priests who bombed banks, a newspaper and a Planned Parenthood Office in Spokane, from Matt Hale soliciting the murder of a federal judge in Chicago to Scott Roeder's assassination of abortion provider Dr. George Tiller, from brothers Matthew and Tyler Williams murdering a gay couple near Redding, Calif., to Timothy McVeigh destroying a federal building and 168 lives in Oklahoma City, we have seen no shortage of "Christians" who believe Jesus requires — or at least allows — them to commit murder.

If federal officials are correct, we now have one more name to add to the dishonor roll. That name would be Hutaree, a self-styled Christian militia in Michigan, nine members of which have been arrested and accused of plotting to kill police officers in hopes of sparking an anti-government uprising.

Many of us would doubtless resist referring to plots like this as Christian terrorism, feeling it unfair to tar the great body of Christendom with the actions of its fringe radicals. And here, we will pause for Muslim readers to clear their throats loudly...CONTINUED HERE

Wednesday, April 07, 2010


Sarah Robinson is one of my favorite bloggers. She has a way of pulling it all together and making you go - "YEAH!" Well, she has done it again in her latest offering.

Sedition: Crime of creating a revolt, disturbance, or violence against lawful civil authority with the intent to cause its overthrow or destruction

-- Brittanica Concise Dictionary

Well, finally. It's high time somebody had the guts to say the S-word -- sedition -- right out loud.

When the indictments against the Hutaree were unsealed last week, the S-word was right there, front and center, in Count One. The Justice Department accused them of "seditious conspiracy," charging that the defendants "did knowingly conspire, confederate, and agree with each other and other persons known and levy war against the United States, and to prevent, hinder, and delay by force the execution of any United States law."

This is very serious stuff. But the Hutaree are getting nailed for sedition only because they crossed the line with inches to spare. They're by no means the only ones. Advocating, encouraging, and sanctioning sedition is the new norm on the conservative side.

We saw it again last Thursday, when the Guardians of the Free Republics -- a Sovereign Citizen group that believes that the oath of office taken by state governors is invalid under their twisted Bizarroland interpretation of the Constitution -- sent letters to most or all sitting state governors telling them to either a) take what they consider to be a legitimate oath of office; b) stand down; or c) or be removed "non-violently" within three days. The FBI, rightly, regards this as a potentially seditious threat against the governors.

These two events are a wake-up call for progressives. They're telling us that it's time to openly confront the fact that conservatives have spent the past 40 years systematically delegitimizing the very idea of constitutional democracy in America. When they're in power, they mismanage it and defund it. When they're out of power, they refuse to participate in running the country at all -- indeed, they throw all their energy into thwarting the democratic process any way they can. When they need to win an election, they use violent, polarizing, eliminationist language against their opponents to motivate their base. This is sedition in slow motion, a gradual corrosive undermining of the government's authority and capacity to run the country. And it's been at the core of their politics going all the way back to Goldwater.

This long assault has gone into overdrive since Obama's inauguration, as the rhetoric has ratcheted up from overheated to perfervid. We've reached the point where you can't go a week without hearing some prominent right wing leader calling for outright sedition -- an immediate and defiant populist uprising against some legitimate form of government authority.

Moderates and liberals are responding to this rising threat with feckless calls for "a return to civility," as if all that's needed to put things right again is a stern talking-to from Miss Manners. Though that couldn't hurt, the sad fact is that we're well past the point where it's just a matter of conservatives behaving like tantrum-throwing spoiled brats (which they are). When a mob is surrounding your house with torches and telling you they intend to burn it down, "civility" really isn't the issue any more....CONTINUED HERE...

Saturday, April 03, 2010


Seven years ago I wrote a series of articles dealing with the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building, Timothy McVeigh, and others who figured into the equation. As we approach the 15th anniversary of that event, I feel compelled to revisit some of those writings. I am reposting this article on McVeigh and I am wondering if anyone can connect some of the dots to what is taking place in our country today.

My grandmother was fond of the old adage "When children are little they step on your toes, when they are grown they step on your heart." Imagine raising a child from birth, kissing all the scrapes and cuts, nursing all the coughs and ear-aches and imparting all of the values and morals that you believe to be true, then having to watch as that person is executed for the deaths of 168 people. Imagine that everytime that child's name is spoken it is followed by words like "monster" or "murderer." Imagine that while others are showing off baby pictures to their grand kids, the baby pictures of your child are being sought after by CNN and Hard-Copy. Imagine that every time you think of that freckled little nose, those inquisitive eyes and those tiny hands that thought is accompanied by the knowledge that the child, once so dear and special to you, grew up to commit the most heinous act of domestic terrorism on American soil. Imagine...the anguish of the parents of Timothy McVeigh.

Timothy James McVeigh was born on April 23, 1968 in Pendleton, New York, near Buffalo. He grew up a small, thin boy who was not very well coordinated. He had lots of heart by all accounts, always coming out to play with others in games that required agility and speed. Often he was teased and taunted because of his lack of athletic prowess, and by all accounts he took the teasing well...and always showed right back up to try again. It always appeared to others that Timothy existed on the fringe of everything. His classmates and teachers characterize him as "shy and never having a date." As a matter of fact, lack of female interest (with one or two exceptions) is chronicled throughout his short life. McVeigh has been called an "underachiever" in school - but very bright. When Tim was 10 years old his mother and father separated and he and his sisters grew up with his father. But, it was Tim's grandfather who would have the most profound influence on him - he introduced him to the love of his life, guns.

Timothy McVeigh achieved the rank of Sergeant in the United States Army. During his time in the service he was awarded the Combat Infantry Badge and the Bronze Star. He fit into the regimen and discipline of the Army quite well, and in some respects was the model soldier. In a story published in the Washington Post, Staff writer Dale Russakoff, had the following to say:

"For the most part, any aberrations in Tim McVeigh's life were hidden under an exterior so bland as to be nondescript. Many acquaintances had to struggle to think of something -- anything -- to relate about him. His interest in firearms was known only to friends who also liked them; a good friend from the track team never even knew McVeigh owned a BB gun. In retrospect, merely appearing regular seems to have been a lifelong pursuit. Even today, as the case against him grows ever tighter, a person who has seen and talked to McVeigh in prison near Oklahoma City saw in him a normalcy that rendered him "the scariest man in the world." "There's nothing alarming about him -- nothing," this person said. "He's respectful of his elders, he's polite. When he expresses political views, for most of what he says, Rush Limbaugh is scarier. That's what's incredibly frightening. If he is what he appears to be, there must be other people out there like him. You look at him and you think: This isn't the end of something; this is the beginning of something."

The "blandness" that surrounded Timothy McVeigh was certainly what many people remember. But, in hindsight, after the act, people began to remember other things. Pendleton, New York was predominantly white. When things at his father's plant started going amiss and jobs across the country were being threatened the talk around the dinner tables and in the diners turned to Affirmative Action and, of course, race. McVeigh, after graduating high school took a job driving an armored truck. He was bored with the job and told one employee that the two things that he loved were wearing a uniform and carrying a gun. The same co-worker who asked not to be named in the Washington Post article, told of a time when McVeigh came to work wearing bandoliers laden with deer slugs "looking like Pancho Villa." Virtually all who knew Tim well recalled his obsession with guns and his penchant for stockpiling weapons and supplies in the event that there was a problem with the government.

It was in the Army, however, that Tim's really obsessive behaviors drew attention. His Army roommate, Dave Dilly, recalls:

"Always eager to please, he carefully starched the pleats into his uniform, spit-polished his shoes, won days off for immaculate appearance. He was always early, always up for guard duty no one else wanted. Any test, he'd ace it. He got the top score on everything. He knew he was exactly what the Army wanted. It was going to be an easy life for him."

It was in the Army that McVeigh met Terry Nichols and Michael Fortier both of who played a major role in the future escapades of Timothy McVeigh. It was also in the Army that Timothy McVeigh became acquainted with, and ultimately obsessed with, William Pierce's Turner Diaries." We would all too soon find out just what a lethal mixture McVeigh's obsessions and friends were. Seemingly, the only problem that plagued McVeigh in his Army years was race. And then that really didn't give him the trouble that it should have. One soldier who served with Mcveigh claimed that he was criticized for "assigning undesirable work to black specialists" and others claimed that he made derogatory statements towards blacks. But, considering the Army and knowing how it values dedicated soldiers, it is little surprise that McVeigh's racism was generally brushed aside. Throughout his time in the Army, Mcveigh continued to stockpile arms and supplies with a compulsion that garnered the attention of several of his Army buddies. Nonetheless, Timothy loved the Army. He loved it so much that he tried out for the Green Berets but couldn't meet the physical challenge. Soon after he chose civilian life.

McVeigh had long harbored anti-government sentiments thus it is not surprising that he would gravitate towards right-wing militia groups and extremists. Discouraged and disgruntled over his inability to make the grade for the Green Berets and believing that the U.S. government was oppressive and on the wrong track, McVeigh traveled around the country setting up shop and selling military type paraphernalia at various gun shows. The underground novel, The Turner Diaries, was generally hawked by him as well. Many accounts of McVeigh's travels neglect to explore the importance of this time in Tim's life. Generally, they tend to focus on McVeigh's visits to Fortier and Nichols with little mention, if any, of the others who he met while on the gun-show circuit and the role they played in McVeigh's act of terror. It wasn't until recently that many of the pieces of the puzzle surrounding McVeigh's motivation and extremist leanings came to light. And it wasn't until recently that the federal law-enforcement agencies' prior knowledge of his associations was substantiated. Thus, any true understanding of the events surrounding the final act has been greatly hindered.

The anti-government philosophy was already deeply embedded in McVeigh's psyche. And as he traversed through 40 states, he had that philosophy reinforced time and again. At one point, McVeigh joined the Ku Klux Klan and even engaged in distributing some hate literature for them. But, there were other factors which contributed even more greatly to the mindset of McVeigh and his belief that there had to be an army of civilian patriots who would be willing to rise up and stand against the government. William Cooper was an "apocalyptic, militia-inspired" talk show radio host whose short-wave radio broadcasts out of his home atop a mesa in Arizona caught McVeigh's attention according to Mark Shaffer of the Arizona Republic. McVeigh became a dedicated listener to Cooper's radio messages. According to the Republic report, McVeigh had sought out William Cooper and paid him a visit a couple of months before the bombing. Nolan Udall, a friend of Cooper's, claims that Tim wanted Coopers help but wouldn't tell him what for. According to Udall, "Finally, Bill just got frustrated with him and told him to leave him alone." Cooper was killed in a shootout with law-enforcement officials in November, 2001. Michele Marie Moore, author of "Oklahoma: Day One," and member of Cooper's group, however, gives new insight into the messages that Cooper sent and his involvement in a militia arm called the Second Continental Army of the Republic.

According to Moore, who was close to Cooper, the Second Continental Army of the Republic was one of two organizations which Cooper was involved with:

"There were two completely different organizations about which he wrote, taught, and spoke. One was the Second Continental Army of the Republic, which was/is a militia arm... very secretive, very underground, very well connected, very well insulated, very well trained, very professional.

About this organization you will never uncover anything. They know who they are, and they're not playing games. This organization has maintained its anonymity for almost ten years, and that is as it should be. To be truly effective in this role, you must be almost invisible. The SCAR has achieved this and I am sure they will maintain it. No one who is a part of that particular militia will EVER publicly admit a militia rank. It's just nobody's business, and such public disclosures would do nothing but negate the effectiveness of the group."

Sounding a lot like "The Order," an underground group depicted in the "Turner Diaries, this group is supposedly one of two. Moore describes the second group, in "The Konformist" thusly:

"The other organization associated with Bill is the Intelligence Service (originally known as CAJI, Citizens Agency for Joint Intelligence), which was the intel-gathering arm of the SCAR. This was purely info-centered... not a militia organization. There was no war-game training, no survival exercises in the woods. The training was specifically geared to gathering information, acquiring it, understanding it, finding its perspective in relation to other information known, determining the accuracy or bias of the information, determining the dependability of sources, putting it all together and documenting trends and activities. The training for those who worked at it was intensive and comprehensive.

Anyone could apply for membership in the Intelligence Service, but not all who applied were accepted. When applying, you had to present credentials of either experience or education, and a thorough background check was performed on all applicants before they were accepted into service. You were assigned a beginning rank based on your background, accomplishments and capabilities, and, depending on the quality of your performance, you might achieve promotion. I joined this organization in late 1994. Before resigning my commission from the Intelligence Service in April of 1997, I earned the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and coordinated the work of members in four states.

Issues concerning the existence or purpose of the Intelligence Service were never secret -- although some of the information gathered was. Bill talked openly about the Intelligence Service, and asked publicly for participants who could be disciplined thinkers, willing to learn, willing to work, willing to serve. It offered a way for anyone who was accepted to participate, regardless of their age or physical condition. It was a job we all took very seriously, and those who worked received superb leadership training as well."

Whether McVeigh was ever involved with either of these is not known and pretty unlikely. Certainly, however, given his obsession with the "Turner Diaries," Tim would be fascinated with the secrecy and inner-workings of such groups. Cooper spoke of the need for underground resistance units and the need for individuals to maintain a low profile. According to Moore:

"He wanted small, organized, invisible pockets of support to form in every community, waiting and preparing for the time when their service would be vital to the existence of our nation."

All of this played like a concerto to McVeigh - a civilian army, armed and prepared and ready to rise up against the governmental forces of evil.

It is important to note that during the time that McVeigh was tuning into Cooper's radio broadcast, there was a groundswell in the Patriot Movement. Militia's were quite active during this period and while not all members or all militia movements were characterized by racist ideology, many of the white hate groups found commonality with the militias and their anti-government stance. It was not unusual to find militia members in attendance at extremist gatherings or neo-Nazi's attending militia meetings. The paranoia that was omnipresent in militia-minded individuals was frequently shared by the racist right - and still is today.

Timothy McVeigh was ready for the broadcasts of William Cooper. Timothy McVeigh was being schooled by some of the best. As he traveled and set up shop with various gun-shows across the United States, Timothy McVeigh placed himself in a position to be inundated with like-minded people. And as he sold his knives and fatigues and the "Turner Diaries" (sometimes he sold the book for less than he paid for it just to get the message out there), he met a bevy of people with whom he could network.

"Gun shows have become town-hall meetings for racists and antigovernment radicals," said Gerald Post, director of the political psychology program at George Washington University." Prosecutors of McVeigh have claimed that McVeigh used the gun shows to "fence stolen weapons, make contacts to buy bomb materials and hone his terrorist skills." That most gun-shows attract their share of anti-government and extremist individuals is without argument. In a speech at the University of California-Riverside, Noel Ignatiev, of the Violence Policy Center, said that "gun shows have become Tupperware parties for criminals." Citing a seventy-two page study conducted by the Center, it was stated that "gun shows have become town squares where militia members and the extremist fringe recruit new members and they have become a primary source for stolen military parts."

Timothy McVeigh found his niche - and he made new friends - lots of them. Immersed in conspiracy theory about the government, McVeigh bemoaned the current state of affairs to the newspaper writing: "Is a civil war imminent? Do we have to shed blood to reform the current system? I hope it doesn't come to that, but it might." He also corresponded with his sister, Jennifer. In his letters he explained that the government planned to disarm gun owners and lock them up in concentration-like camps - much as depicted in the "Turner Diaries." But, on April 19, 1993, the straw that finally broke the back of Timothy McVeigh was lain squarely and irrevocably.

On February 28th, the government began a siege on Mount Carmel, the Branch Davidian complex in Waco, Texas. Concerned that the law-enforcement entities might be starting to abridge the gun-ownership rights of individuals, McVeigh made his way to Waco to see for himself and to lend support. On the way Tim stocked up on items he could sell or hand-out. When he attempted to approach the compound, ATF agents blocked his way and turned him around. McVeigh found a place to park his vehicle and set up shop nearby. Michelle Rauch, a young student reporter was covering the siege and managed to get a few words out of McVeigh:

"The government is afraid of the guns people have because they have to have control of the people at all times. Once you take away the guns, you can do anything to the people. The government is continually growing bigger and more powerful, and the people need to prepare to defend themselves against government control."

Among the pamphlets and literature being proffered by McVeigh were such titles as, "Politicians Love Gun Control," "Fear the Government That Fears Your Gun," "A Man With A Gun is a Citizen, A Man Without a Gun is a Subject." Of course, government agents were keeping a close eye on those around the Waco compound, and it was here that McVeigh came under scrutiny. He hung around for a few days then headed west to visit his Army buddy, Michael Fortier and his wife Lori in Kingmon, Arizona.

Fortier and McVeigh shared a great deal of sentiments about the government. They were, indeed, kindred spirits in their ideology. But, Michael was into drugs and McVeigh was not. While they shared ideas and thoughts, Fortier's mind would become clouded by narcotics and Timothy McVeigh became bored and irritated with the drug-induced state that Fortier lived in. Over the next couple of years, however, McVeigh would visit Fortier many times. It was, however, another Army buddy who fell completely into line with Tim's disdain for the government - Terry Nichols.

Tim left the Fortier trailer and headed for Tulsa, Oklahoma and the Wanenmacher's World's Largest Gun and Knife Show. It was in Tulsa that McVeigh was to meet several very important people. It was in Tulsa that the determiners of the fate of the Alfred P. Murrah Building and all of its occupants became acquainted.

Among those people who befriended McVeigh was a man by the name of Roger Moore, a gun dealer from Royal, Arkansas. Moore shared his home with Karen Anderson. Both Moore and Anderson worked together in a mail order ammunition business. Moore who used the name "Bob Miller" at gun shows extended an invitation to McVeigh to visit him at his home. McVeigh was very comfortable in Moore's home environment as he was surrounded by guns, ammunition and explosive devices. He took quick note at the lack of security surrounding all of Moore's valuable weaponry. And, Moore would soon be the target of a robbery.

Terry Nichols was living on the illegal edge. Disdainful of government and the laws of the land, he had adopted the militia-mindset of a group known as the "Freemen." For a time, Terry and his brother James resided on a farm in Decker, Michigan. In 1992, Nichols had amassed thousands of dollars in credit card debts. When his financial situation became a matter for the court, Nichols claimed that the judge had no jurisdiction over him. In an ABC News Special Report by Buck Wolf, Nichols is said to have sent letters to former President Bill Clinton, Senator Bob Dole and former Attorney General Janet Reno disavowing his citizenship along with his responsibility to pay taxes:

"I lawfully, squarely challenge the fraudulent usurping octopus of jurisdiction/authority that does not apply to me," wrote Nichols, claiming that the federal government is operating in violation of the Constitution. "It is therefore now mandatory for . . . the so-called IRS, for example, to prove its jurisdiction."

Steeped in the rhetoric of the militia and the Patriot Movement, Nichols along with his brother James, refused to recognize the government as legal and as having any authority over their day-to-day actions. Terry refused to register his pick-up truck or buy a valid license plate because he did not believe that the Constitution empowered the U.S. government to print money.

When McVeigh arrived at the Decker farm, the Waco stand-off was at full steam. When the end of siege resulted in the deaths of 75 Branch Davidians, McVeigh was livid - and he was certain that the government had to pay. Before long, MVeigh and the Nichols brothers were practicing setting off explosives on the farm. The three men attended meetings of the Michigan Militia but grew frustrated with all of the talk and no action, consequently, they formed their own cell of a paramilitary group called "The Patriots." McVeigh would spend a lot of time with Terry Nichols and Michael Fortier. The government had finally shown the world how it treated its citizens, and Timothy McVeigh was a man on a mission.

Bland, nondescript Timothy McVeigh believed that it was time to send the message and sound the alarm that would rally the armed citizens of America to take action. Among the people who McVeigh had met in Tulsa were Dennis Mahon and Andreas Strassmeir. Both of these men were neo-Nazi's with deep ties to the racist right and the underground which encourages and supports small cell and lone-wolf violence. While the Nichols brothers had the know-how in building bombs from common materials - the racist right had the connections needed to make it happen.

Dennis Mahon is a flamboyant and aging racist who handles the Oklahoma cell of White Aryan Resistance for Tom Metzger. The guru of Lone Wolf activism, Metzger has long been associated with the racist right and the police. Mahon, who became romantically involved with Carol Howe, an ATF informant, has repeatedly pled the Fifth at Grand Jury proceedings surrounding the events of the bombing. In one report Mahon claims that in a conversation with McVeigh who was using the alias of "Tim Tuttle" about Waco he stated:

I met Tim Tuttle, but I didn't know he was alias Tim McVeigh. I met him at gun shows. He sold military stuff, knives, gun parts, camouflage uniforms. I remember he had real short hair and real intense eyes and the real long narrow nose...And we talked about Waco. And I said, 'What comes around goes around. If they keep doing this terrorism on our people, terrorism's going to happen to them....'He said, 'Probably. Probably so."

Vehemently anti-government and viciously anti-racist, Mahon referred to Timothy McVeigh as a martyr for the cause and stated:

"Timothy McVeigh is my hero. Wish we had a thousand more like him. He took action."

He also referred to the bombng as "a fine thing" and stated further "I hate the government with a perfect hatred. If I had a nuclear bomb, I'd put it in a truck and drive right up to the Capitol Building in Washington and blow it all up, me included." Believing that any and all methods are legitimate when it comes to saving your nation, Mahon was the perfect friend for Timothy McVeigh.

Dennis Mahon was a world traveler and Timothy McVeigh's defense team attempted to introduce evidence which would demonstrate a Middle-Eastern tie to the bombing via Dennis Mahon - the evidence was never allowed, but in a brief filed by defense attorney's the suspicion of these ties was stated thusly:

"The defense believes that there is credible evidence that a conspiracy to bomb federal property, very possibly the Murrah Building, is centered in Elohim City and the persons described which are associated with Elohim City, but that the technical expertise and possibly financial support came from a foreign country, most likely Iraq, but possibly Iran or another state in the Middle East. Dennis Mahon has admitted publicly to received money from Iraq, approximately once a month. D.E. 2191 at 11. According to Mahon, the money started arriving in 1991 after he began holding rallies protesting the Persian Gulf War. Id.

Although the defense has no direct evidence linking Suspect I with Iraq, there is evidence indicating an indirect connection between Suspect I and Iraq through the militant Posse Comitatus group in Kansas."

Often referring to himself as "the master of disguise," Mahon was identified as the person driving the Ryder truck on the morning of April 19th, 1995, with Tim McVeigh riding as a passenger. To date, Mahon has not been questioned or arrested.

Andreas Strassmeir, a/k/a "Andy the German was a friend of Dennis Mahon's and a very important person to Timothy McVeigh. A German-born nationalist living in the United States on an expired visa, Andy became the Chief of Security for Elohim City, a white-supremacist compound and breeding ground for terrorists fronted by the bastardized religion of Christian Identity located in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains in Eastern Oklahoma. Andreas, the consummate Nazi, is believed by many to have been a government informant - perhaps the FBI informant that the ATF didn't know about. He played his part to the hilt. It is well documented, however, that the FBI knew what was transpiring in Elohim City and precisely what Strassmeir was doing there.

Strassmeir has been placed in the company of Timothy McVeigh and Dennis Mahon on numerous occasions. In fact, it is now known that the phone call that McVeigh placed to Elohim City just 12 days before the bombing was actually a phone call to Andreas Strassmeir. Andy's association with a former CIA agent has come under scrutiny and many believe that Strassmeir was John Doe #2. In Novemeber, 1994, Carol Howe informed the ATF that Strassmeir had declared "It's time to go to war�it's time to start bombing federal buildings."

With these acquaintances and the introduction of McVeigh to the Elohim City compound, Tim was able to formulate a plan, locate funding and garner support from other like-minded people. This also, undoubtedly buoyed his belief in the army of armed civilians ready to engage in insurrection as the people of Elohim City are all armed and all anti-government.

Elohim City also serves as a "safe haven" for those on the run. As the planning was taking place for McVeigh's final act, the Aryan Republican Army was using the compound to regroup and plan their next heist. The Aryan Republican Army was comprised of Mark Thomas, the Pennsylvania leader of the Aryan Nations and Christian Identity minister, Peter Langan known as "Commander Pedro," an Aryan Nations disciple, Richard Lee Guthrie, a Christian Identity adherent, Scott Stedeford, Christian Identity, Aryan Nations adherent, Kevin McCarthy, Christian Identity, Aryan Nations adherent and Michael Brescia, one time roommate of Andreas Strassmeir at Elohim City.

McVeigh had always been enterprising at raising money. And, this would be no exception. The purpose of the Aryan Republican Army, according to member Kevin McCarthy, was to raise money to "commit terrorist acts against the United States." Timothy McVeigh certainly wanted to commit acts of terror against the government and in order to do so, he had to raise the funds.

The one family member who Timothy McVeigh was closet to was his sister, Jennifer. Younger than Tim, he felt somewhat paternal towards her. In November of 1994, Jennifer tells us under oath that Timothy flashed a wad of money and asked her to launder it for him. He claimed that it came from a bank robbery. At the same time, Tim told Jennifer about plans to commit political assassinations.

Tim McVeigh made friends with the members of the Aryan Republican Army and newly released information now confirms that he was involved with some of the robberies that the ARA committed as a method to fund his terrorist activities. The familiar saying among the racist right that "All roads lead to Elohim City," can now be fully appreciated and understood.

Timothy McVeigh was seen in the company of many of the residents and guests of Elohim City prior to the bombing. One report places Michael Fortier at Elohim City on at least one occasion. On April 8, 1995, just 11 days before the bombing, Timothy McVeigh, Andreas Strassmeir and Michael Bresscia are reported to have been seen at a strip-club in Tulsa, Oklahoma. According to one of the strippers, McVeigh told her , "I am a very smart man," to which she responded, "You are?" And McVeigh replied, "Yes I am. And on April 19, 1995, you'll remember me for the rest of your life." The stripper replied, "Oh really?" And Tim simply said, "Yes you will." Several witnesses placed the three men together in Lady Godiva's that night.

The prosecution asserted that the bomb that was built to blow up the Alfred P. Murrah Building in Oklahoma City was put together by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols at Geary Lake State Park just north of Nichols' home in Herington, Kansas. What the prosecution failed to mention was that others were seen in Herington with Mcveigh - others who have been identified as Michael Brescia and Andreas Strassmeir.

A loner, filled with rage and believing in the shadowy underground of militia's and armed insurrection searching for others who believed Timothy McVeigh moved into the realm of Elohim City and found the means and the connections to carry out his obsession. From the mesa top in Arizona and the message of Bill Cooper to the Oklahoma compound of Elohim City and at all points in between, McVeigh's distorted perceptions were reinforced time and time again. From the pages of the "Turner Diaries," emerged a three-dimensional Earl Turner. The book that tells the story of murder, mayhem and governmental overthrow was brought to life.

There are those who believe that Timothy McVeigh was used by his new-found friends and that he took the fall for those who were truly guilty. Timothy McVeigh admitted to the bombing and took the responsibility. And he paid - with his life. To the end, McVeigh never implicated the others, but that too was in keeping with the Diaries. You might say that he "consecrated his life" to the cause. And in death, martyrdom would be the over-riding factor for McVeigh. As he issued the poem "Invictus" as his last words, Timothy McVeigh became the captain of his fate. Timothy McVeigh died much as Earl Turner died, believing that he had given the ultimate sacrifice and seeing in those who befriended and assisted him what Turner saw in his brethren of the "Order."

" As the torchlight flickered over the coarse, gray robes of the motionless throng, I thought to myself: These men are the best my race has produced in this generation-and they are as good as have been produced in any generation. In them are combined fiery passion and icy discipline, deep intelligence and instant readiness for action, a strong sense of self-worth and a total commitment to our common cause. On them hang the hopes of everything that will ever be. They are the vanguard of the coming New Era, the pioneers who will lead our race out of its present depths and toward the unexplored heights above. And I am one with them!" (The Turner Diaries)

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